Ammonia is one of the most important basic chemical and serving as a core component in the production of nitrogen fertilizer. A chemical compound containing 82% nitrogen and 18% hydrogen with a formula NH3. At ordinary temperature it is colourless gas with a pungent and pertaining odor. Ammonia is stored and imported in liquid form in special container.
With an installed annual production capacity of 2.3 million tons, SAFCO is one of the leading producers of ammonia in the world. We use Ammonia as an intermediate raw material for production of urea, Phosphatic / Compound / Liquid Fertilizers and Melamine. Excess production is mainly exported to international Market with only small quantity sold in domestic market.
Ammonia is produced by combining nitrogen extracted from the air and hydrogen from hydrocarbon such as natural gas, naphtha, coal or other heavier oil fractions. Natural gas is considered as the best and most commonly used raw material for the production of ammonia. Ingredients for the production of ammonia are air, natural gas and steam. The first step of this process is the steam reforming of the natural gas over a catalyst, providing hydrogen rich gas. Next air is added and carefully regulated to provide the exact amount of nitrogen needed for ammonia catalyst. After a series of processes to remove carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, the remaining high purity gas (high in nitrogen content) is compressed under extreme pressure and sent to reactor vessel where ammonia is synthesized. The anhydrous ammonia is then liquefied and stored at temperature of approximately –33 °C Celsius. The carbon dioxide from this process is used in urea production.
82-0-0 Anhydrous Ammonia
|Physical Form:||Liquid at –33 oC|
|Ammonia (wt%) :||99.8 Minimum|
|Moisture (wt%) :||0.2 Maximum|
|Oil (wt ppm) :||8 Maximum|
|Iron (wt ppm) :||2.9 Maximum|
The main use of ammonia is manufacturing of nitrogen fertilizers, other industrial application include manufacturing of Carprolactam, Acrylonitrite, explosive grade Ammonia Nitrate; Tanneries, Pulp and Paper industry, Textile & Dyeing, Petroleum Refining. Detergent, Metallurgy and Refrigerants.
Material Safety Data Sheet